Redwood Managed Volatility (I Class)
Objective And StrategyObjective
The investment seeks a combination of total return and prudent management of portfolio downside volatility and downside loss.
To pursue its investment objective the portfolio uses a trend-following strategy that seeks to identify the critical turning points in the markets for high yield bonds and bank loans. Depending on market conditions, it may be invested: (i) primarily in high yield bond funds, bank loan funds, multi-sector bond funds and other fixed income funds with similar characteristics; (ii) primarily in short-term fixed income securities; or (iii) a combination of (i) and (ii).
Tax Inefficient Fund
* ETF Risks. Underlying ETS are subject to the following risks: 1) the market price of an Underlying ETF’s shares may trade above or below its net asset value; 2) an active trading market for an Underlying ETF’s shares may not develop or be maintained; 3) the Underlying ETF may employ an investment strategy that utilizes high leverage ratios; 4) trading of an Underlying ETF’s shares may be halted if the listing exchange’s officials deem such action appropriate, the shares are delisted from the exchange or the activation of market wide “circuit breakers” (which are tied to large decreases in stock prices) halts stock trading generally; or 5) the Underlying ETF may fail to achieve close correlation with the index that it tracks due to a variety of factors, such as rounding of prices and changes to the index and/or regulatory policies, resulting in the deviating of the Underlying ETF’s returns from that of its corresponding index. Some Underlying ETFs may be thinly traded, and the costs associated with respect to purchasing and selling the Underlying ETFs will be borne by the Portfolio.
* This portfolio is non-diversified, with the potential to invest a greater portion of its assets in a limited number of companies. Consequently, this portfolio may have more risk as changes in the value of a single security may have a more significant effect on the portfolio's net asset value.
* This portfolio invests in securities of foreign issuers which involves risks not typically associated with domestic issuers, including currency fluctuations and the possibility of political and economic instability. Emerging markets involve risks in addition to those generally associated with foreign securities, because political and economic structures in many emerging markets may be undergoing significant evolution and rapid development.
* This portfolio can leverage or use leveraged instruments or derivatives. Portfolios that use leverage, that is, borrow money, are subject to the risk that the cost of borrowing money to leverage will exceed the returns for the securities purchased or that the securities purchased may actually go down in value. Thus the portfolio's net asset value can decrease more quickly than if the portfolio had not borrowed. Portfolios that use leveraged instruments or derivatives such as futures, options and swap agreements, may expose the portfolio to additional risks that it would not be subject to if it invested directly in the securities underlying those derivatives. The more a portfolio invests in leveraged instruments, the more the leverage will magnify any gains or losses on those investments.
* The portfolio's exposure to the US Dollar Index and/or foreign currencies subjects the portfolio to the risk that foreign currencies will fluctuate in value relative to the US Dollar or, in the case of short position, that the US Dollar will decline in value to the currency being hedged. Currency rates in foreign countries may move significantly over short periods of time for a number of reasons including changes in interest rates, the imposition of currency controls or other political developments in the US or abroad.
* Payment of interest and repayment of principal may be impacted by the cash flows generated by the assets backing these securities.
* The value of your investment in a Fund is based on the net asset value ("NAV") of the underlying funds and, in turn, the securities that the underlying funds hold. The Funds are subject to the risk that one or more underlying funds will not perform as expected or will under perform other similar funds or that the combination of underlying funds selected by the Funds' investment will not perform as expected. The Funds will be exposed to all of the risk of an investment in the underlying Funds.
* Fixed income securities are subject to interest rate risk because the prices of fixed income securities tend to move in the opposite direction of interest rates. When interest rates rise, fixed income security prices fall. When interest rates fall, fixed income security prices rise.
* Credit risk is the risk that the issuer of a security may be unable to make interest payments and/or repay principal when due. A downgrade to an issuer’s credit rating or a perceived change in an issuer’s financial strength may affect a security’s value, and thus, impact the VA Short-Term Fixed Portfolio’s performance.
* Counterparty risk is the risk that the other party(s) to an agreement or participant to a transaction, such as a broker, might default on a contract or fail to perform by failing to pay amounts due or failing to fulfill the delivery conditions of the contract or transaction.
* Bonds guaranteed by a government are subject to inflation risk and price depreciation risk.
* The risk that high yield securities and unrated securities of similar credit quality (commonly known as “junk bonds”) are subject to greater levels of credit and liquidity risks. High yield securities are considered primarily speculative with respect to the issuer’s continuing ability to make principal and interest payments.
* The market for bank loans may not be highly liquid and the Fund may have difficulty selling them. These investments expose the Fund to the credit risk of both the financial institution and the underlying borrower.
* The value of a specific security can be more volatile than the market as a whole and can perform differently from the value of the market as a whole. The value of securities of smaller issuers can be more volatile than those of larger issuers. The value of certain types of securities can be more volatile due to increased sensitivity to adverse issuer, political, regulatory, market, or economic developments.
* The investment adviser to the fund actively managed the fund’s investments. Consequently, the fund is subject to the risk that the methods and analyses employed by the investment adviser in this process may not produce the desired results. This could cause the fund to lose value or its investment results to lag relevant benchmarks or other funds with similar objectives.
Nontraditional Fixed Income01/2015
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